Five types of manufacturing processes
- Repetitive Manufacturing
- Discrete Manufacturing
- Job Shop Manufacturing
- Process Manufacturing (Continuous)
- Process Manufacturing (Batch)
1. Repetitive manufacturing
A manufacturer would use repetitive manufacturing for repeated production that commits to a production rate.
Repetitive processing is comprised of dedicated production lines that produce the same or a paraphernalia of items, 24/7, all year round.
With its requirements for setup being minimal or having little changeover, the operation speeds can be increased or decreased to meet customer demands or requirements.
2. Discrete manufacturing
Like repetitive manufacturing, discrete manufacturing also utilizes an assembly or production line. However, this process is extremely diverse, with a variety of setups and changeover frequencies. This is due to factors based on whether the products in production are similar or discordant in design.
If the items are vastly different this will require altering the setup and a tear-down, which means production will require more time.
3. Job shop manufacturing
Job shop manufacturing, unlike repetitive or discrete manufacturing, makes use of production areas rather than assembly lines. This is because this process will produce smaller batches of custom products, which can be either made-to-order (MTO) or made-to-stock (MTS).
These workstations are organized to make one version of a custom product or even a couple of dozen. If customer demand requires it, the operation can become a discrete manufacturing line with selected labor operations being, potentially, replaced by automated equipment.
Of course, this depends on the type of manufacturing business.