Using Excel to create an inventory management system

February 27th, 2024 6 minute read

Ioana Neamt

Contributing Writer

February 27th, 2024 6 minute read
Illustration of a magnifying glass looking at Microsoft Excel

There seems to be no shortage of what you could achieve using Microsoft Excel. The tool that is as intimidating as it is impressive has been used to make art, create complex games, and even plan impressive stadium audience displays.

However, what it particularly (ahem) excels at is organizing information. And, with more than 1 million rows and more than 16,000 columns, Excel can be a very important instrument in managing inventory.

How can you create an inventory management system in Excel?

If you’re running a relatively small business with a limited number of products, you might choose to start managing inventory with a spreadsheet. Here are some summary guidelines to walk you through the process.

  • Identify your inventory needs

Think of the types of products you need to be managing, the quantities that you need to keep track of, and how frequently you will need to update them. It is also never too early to consider what key performance metrics you should track, depending on what inventory you work with and how your business runs best.

  • Create a spreadsheet tailored to your needs

Based on the details you have identified, you can set up a spreadsheet with a column for each item of information. As you set up your spreadsheet, make sure you format it clearly and consistently so that the data will be easy to read and understand. Consider also using various color coding to highlight key information.

  • Make timely updates

Whenever there is a change, you will need to input it manually. Update the spreadsheet to reflect any changes in inventory as they occur, such as new purchases, sales, or other adjustments. You can learn to use formulas to streamline your update process and automate some of the input, depending on changes to key details that you update manually.

  • Track trends in inventory movement

Make the most of Excel charts and graphs so you can get a good visualization of trends, such as the average time that a product is in stock or if there are any potential bottlenecks or inefficient processes that may be causing inventory issues.

  • Generate reports

Stay on top of your performance with regular reports on inventory levels, sales trends, and cost of goods sold. If there are different departments in your business, such as management, sales, or a marketing team, you can tailor reports for each of them to analyze.

  • Monitoring

With these tools and features under your belt, you should monitor and regularly review data to identify if and where you could make improvements. You can adjust your inventory management strategy periodically, as well as evaluate the efficiency of your use of resources.

Average inventory formula in Excel

Pros of using Excel inventory tracking

  • Cost-effective — Excel is available as a free software application, which makes it easy for businesses to use it for basic inventory tracking without any upfront costs.
  • Accessibility — It is a widely used software, with easy instruction also widely available. If you are not familiar with it, learning is easily accessible.
  • Versatility — You can manage different types of inventory, as spreadsheets can be used to track a variety of data, including product names, quantities, prices, and locations

Cons of using Excel inventory tracking

  • Prone to human error — Unless you are a Hogwarts-certified Excel wizard, you are likely to find yourself in what seems like an inevitable bind — while accurate manual input is manageable at the start, your inventory management Excel grows along with your business. In turn, as complexity increases, so does the probability of human error.
  • Limited scalability — While Excel spreadsheets have significant data capacity, it can be difficult to manage inventory tracking past a certain point, as it can become difficult to have a complete and accurate picture of inventory levels.
  • Limited integration — Excel spreadsheets cannot easily integrate with other business systems, such as point-of-sale (POS) or enterprise resource planning (ERP). Limited integration can make it difficult to share inventory data with other departments or track inventory across your operation.
Closeup of a screen listing Microsoft Office apps

Save time and free up resources with Katana

While it is a good low-cost and convenient alternative to start, it can become increasingly inefficient as you scale your business. For all its strengths, there comes a point when you should evaluate if sticking to your Excel inventory management system is still the best use of your resources or if you should upgrade to a cloud-based inventory management software.

  • Inventory moves, and so should your tracking solution

While Excel is great at organizing information, it takes time-consuming manual input to keep that information up to date. With Katana’s inventory management software, you can track materials and goods through all steps of your operation while also getting live insights that allow you to manage your inventory without the risks of an accidentally corrupted inventory spreadsheet.

  • Lift off from where you left off

No need to start from scratch when making the switch. You can easily import your spreadsheet to Katana and start leveling up your inventory management system with essential features designed to assist you in optimizing your processes — automate scheduling and allocation, enable end-to-end traceability of individual items or batches, customize and streamline workflows, and more.

Get a demo and discover the power of real-time insights